About the Underground stations

London Underground stations are listed here in alphabetical order. The name of the station is followed by the years when the station was opened for traffic and the years when the station was renamed or significant reconstructions took place. This may be followed by the station's former name(s). In the next line, I briefly explain the origin of the name (if it is a very old language, the word is put between apostrophes instead of quotation marks). Below that, the most important attractions that are close to that station may be listed. A green tick marks peculiar things related to the station itself.

Quick links: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

But first, a little about the names of the Underground lines. Please note that each line also has its own distinctive colour, which is also used in the interior design of the train. If you think you got on the District Line train, but you find yourself holding on to the yellow handrail, you know immediately that you have the wrong train.

The oldest of the lines. Opened in 1863 by a company called the Metropolitan Railway Company. The word "metropolis" of course comes from Greek...

At first, it was called the Metropolitan District Railway, but it got its current name to avoid confusion with the previous one.

At first this line formed a circle, but later it was expanded and changed. Round-wheel trains created some traffic management problems.

The line connected a place called Hammersmith to the city centre. The line has now been extended to Barking, but the name has remained.

Was once the only line into central London. This is no longer the case, but the name remains.

When the line opened in 1906 it was called the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway. Of course, such a long name was difficult to pronounce, so it was shortened. Besides, Piccadilly is probably the most important place for a tourist on this line.

Connects Baker Street and Waterloo stations. That's how the name is derived: BAKER+waterLOO.

The line was created by the merger of two companies. There were big plans to expand to the north, but these remained plans. As a special curiosity, there is a station on the line called Morden, which is London's most southerly tube station.

The line is one of London's newest and passes through Victoria railway station, named of course after the Queen.

According to the jubilee of the Queen's reign.

The shortest line in London, connecting only two stations, named after these. The City station is now called Bank, but the name of the line was not changed.


Six tube stations are named after nearby pubs: The Angel, Swiss Cottage, Elephant & Castle, Manor House, Royal Oak and Maida Vale.

See in the video how to sing all the names of Underground stations in three minutes. :-D Youtube

Many of London's underground stations have been designed by two men:

G Leslie Green

H Charles Holden

Green died young and managed to design "only" 22 stations. Holden completed 48. Half of Green's stations are of dark red stone with a distinctive colour and large arched windows above the entrance. That's why they say: If it is red, it's green.
Unfortunately, many stations have either been destroyed in the war, demolished or are no longer in use. Some stations don't even have an above ground section. And some have been heavily rebuilt. But these station buildings can still be seen quite a lot if you walk around. That is why these authors are marked with colored circles at the stations. At some stations both have done something, there are two signs.


Acton Townpilt 1879 -> 1910 Mill Hill H

Aldgate 1876
Named after the former city gate (1761).

Aldgate Eastpilt 1884 -> 1938
According to City Gate

Alpertonpilt 1903 -> 1910 Perivale-AlpertonH

> By the Ealhbert family farm

Amershampilt 1892 -> 1922 -> 1934 Amersham & Chesham
Surname Ealgmund

Angelpilt 1901 -> 1992
After the name of the old tavern

Archwaypilt 1907 -> 1939 Archway Tavern H
By tunnel and viaduct

Arnos Grovepilt 1932 Bowes RoadH
Family Margery Arnold

Arsenalpilt 1906 -> 1932 Gillespie RoadG
According to Football Club


Baker Streetpilt 1863 -> 1868 - 1906
Sir Edward Baker owned properties in this area

Balhampilt 1926H
Named after the person Baelga meaning "Baelga's home"

Bankpilt 1898 -> 1940 City
Bank of England

Barbicanpilt 1865 -> 1923 -> 1968 Aldersgate Street, Aldersgate & Barbican
The name comes from Persian via Latin and means fortification or watchtower

Barkingpilt 1902
Home of Barc or Beringer, by names of persons

Barkingsidepilt 1903 -> 1948
> Place called Barking is near

Barons Courtpilt 1905
The name comes from a nearby property and obviously imitates the nearby Earl's Court.

Battersea Power Stationpilt 2021
After the power station designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott

Bayswaterpilt 1868 -> 1922 -> 1933 Bayswater & Westbourne Grove
Where the Brook Westbourne crossed the road

Becontreepilt 1932 Gale Street
A tribe called the Beohha once lived here and the tree was a boundary marker

Belsize Parkpilt 1907G
From the Old French expression 'Bel asis' meaning beautifully laid out

Bermondseypilt 1999
Here lived a man called Beormund and his family

Bethnal Greenpilt 1946
Either from the surname Blida or from the stream Bythe

Blackfriarspilt 1870
By Dominican monks

Blackhorse Roadpilt 1968
By building called Black House

Bond Streetpilt 1900 H

After the street designed by Sir Thomas Bond

Boroughpilt 1890
This word originally denoted a fortified place

Boston Manorpilt 1883 -> 1911 -> 1934 Boston Road H

Surname Bords

Bounds Greenpilt 1932 H
By John le Bonde and Walter le Bounde

Bow Roadpilt 1902
Curved street

Brent Crosspilt 1923 -> 1976 Brent
After a river that flows nearby

Brixtonpilt 1971
From the name Beorthtric and the word 'stane' (stone)

Bromley-by-Bowpilt 1902 -> 1968
Old English 'broome' meaning tree

Buckhurst Hillpilt 1948
Again Old English word for a tree

Burnt Oakpilt 1924
Burnt oak was once a boundary marker


Caledonia Roadpilt 1908 G
Named after a nearby children's shelter

Camden Townpilt 1907 G
The Earl of Camden (Kent) established a residential area here

Canada Waterpilt 1999
There used to be Canada Docks here, probably goods were brought from there

Canary Wharfpilt 1999
Fruit Lines Limited once built warehouses here for fruit imported from the Canary Islands and the Mediterranean

Canning Townpilt 1999
It has been assumed that the name comes from the former Governor General of India, but it is probably the name of a company located here

Cannon Streetpilt 1884
This name isn't about cannons or canons, it's a distortion of Candlemakers Street

Canons Parkpilt 1932
St. Augustine canons had land here

Chalfont & Latimerpilt 1889 -> 1915
According to two men who lived in the 13th century

Chalk Farmpilt 1907 G
It has been suggested that this is a corruption of Chalcot Farm, but it has not been proven that there was one

Chancery Lanepilt 1934
Probably a corruption of Chancellor's Lane

Charing Crosspilt 1907 -> 1914 -> 1973 -> 1979 G
A memorial cross to Queen Elanor once stood here (above the equestrian statue of the King Charles I), 'Charing' meaning river bend

Cheshampilt 1889
'Ceaster' once meant a fortress tower for the Romans

Chigwellpilt 1948
The name is thought to be from the Old English word 'ceaege' which meant a bush

Chiswick Parkpilt 1979 -> 1887 -> 1910 Acton Green H

From Old English 'cese' and 'wic' meaning cheese and farm

Chorleywoodpilt 1889
Son of the Wild - 'ceorl'

Clapham Commonpilt 1900 H
From 'clap' and 'ham' (hill and home)

Clapham Northpilt 1900 - 1926 Clapham Road
See previous

Clapham Southpilt 1926 H
The same

Cockfosterspilt 1933
Derived from 'chief forester'

Colindalepilt 1924
By the family of John Collin

Colliers Woodpilt 1926 H
Derived from 'charcoal burners'

Covent Gardenpilt 1907 G
Kunagi oli siin Westminsteri konvendi aed

This was once the garden of the Westminster Convention

Croxleypilt 1925 -> 1949 Croxley Green
From the words 'crocs' and 'leah' meaning woodland


Dagenham Eastpilt 1902 -> 1949 Dagenham

Dagenham Heathwaypilt 1932 -> 1949 Heathway
Heathway is the name of a nearby road

Debdenpilt 1949
Meaning "deep valley"

Dollis Hillpilt 1909
Probably after a nearby estate


Ealing Broadwaypilt 1879 -> 1920
The local chieftain was called a 'gilla' and has undergone several changes, the 'broadway' being the broad street by the station

Ealing Commonpilt 1910 H
See previous

Earl's Courtpilt 1871 -> 1878
One earl had estates here - the Earl of Oxford

East Actonpilt 1920
Farm by oak trees

Eastcotepilt 1906 H

Old English 'cote' meant farm or shelter

East Finchleypilt 1939 H

Probably from a personal name - Fince Forest

East Hampilt 1902
Old English 'amm' meaning watery meadow

East Putneypilt 1889
By Person's Name - Puttan Landing Place

Edgewarepilt 1924
By name Ecgis

Edgeware Roadpilt 1907 G

See previous

Elephant & Castlepilt 1906 G
Based on the pub above the shopping centre (now demolished).

Elm Parkpilt 1935
According to the elm trees that grew nearby

Embankmentpilt 1915 -> 1974 -> 1976 Charing Cross Embankment G
The Embankment is filled and widened area on the banks of the Thames, completed in 1870.

Eppingpilt 1949
After the Yippinga tribe who lived here

Eustonpilt 1907
After the Earl of Grafton who resided at Euston Hall, Suffolk

Euston Squarepilt 1863, 1909 Gower Street
See previous


Fairloppilt 1948
"Fair lop" - a rather long legend about a man who died and whose coffin was made from an oak tree near his home, which then began to bloom...

Farringdonpilt 1863 -> 1922 -> 1936 Farringdon Street, Farringdon & High Holborn
Merchant William de Faringdon operated here in the 13th century

Finchley Centralpilt 1940 H

Probably by person Finc

Finchley Roadpilt 1879
See previous

Finsbury Parkpilt 1906
The district called Finsbury is located several kilometres away from here, but the park was built at the initiative of the local residents

Fulham Broadwaypilt 1880 -> 1952
A person named Fulla


Gants Hillpilt 1947 H

By Richard le Gant

Gloucester Roadpilt 1868 -> 1907 Brompton
Maria was Countess of Gloucester

Golders Greenpilt 1907 G
Probably by person but not clear if John le Godere or John Godyer of Hendon

Goldhawk Roadpilt 1914
Family Goldhawke

Goodge Streetpilt 1907 -> 1908 Tottenham Court Road G
Nearby street laid out by William and Francis Goodge

Grange Hillpilt 1948
The Grange was a manor here that originally belonged to the church

Great Portland Streetpilt 1863 -> 1917 Portland Road
Marleybone Manor belonged to the Earl of Portland

Greenfordpilt 1947
By River Brent crossing

Green Parkpilt 1906 -> 1933 H

According to the park where no planted flower grows

Gunnesburypilt 1877 -> 1906
From the Scandinavian female name Gunnhild


Hainaultpilt 1948
From the Old English words 'iwan' and 'holt' meaning "household with woodland"

Hammersmithpilt 1864 -> 1868 -> 1874 H

As you might expect, by a local blacksmith

Hampsteadpilt 1907 G
Means home place in the old language

Hanger Lanepilt 1947
Wood storage site

Harlesdenpilt 1917
Heorowulf Farm

Harrow & Wealdstonepilt 1917
Wealstone probably means boundary stone in the forest, see below for Harrow

Harrow-on-the-Hillpilt 1880 -> 1894 Harrow
From 'hearg' - pagan temple

Harvard Square
There has never been an Underground station with that name. It was one of the passwords of Soviet spies to ask for directions to this station. :-)

Hatton Crosspilt 1975
Farm on the moor and probably a hint of a road cross

Heathrow 1976 -> 1983 -> 1986
A row of houses on a moor

Hendon Centralpilt 1923
From 'haeh' and 'dun' - on a high hill

High Barnetpilt 1940
'Baernet' - a place cleared by burning

Highbury & Islingtonpilt 1904 -> 1922 Highbury
Highbury was a Roman summer camp, Gisla is a person's name

Highgatepilt 1941 H

There used to be a tollgate on the hill where tax was collected on goods entering the town market

High Street Kensingtonpilt 1868
By High Street

Hillingdonpilt 1923
Given name Hilda

Holbornpilt 1933 HG

From the words 'holh' and 'burna' - stream valley

Holland Parkpilt 1900
There was once a Holland House here, Holland is the name of a person, not a country

Holloway Roadpilt 1906 G
Here the houses were in a hollow by the road, between the higher grounds of Highgate and Islington

Hornchurchpilt 1902
Some old monastery once stood here

Hounslow Centralpilt 1886 -> 1912 -> 1925 Heston Hounslow
The Hund and the 'hlaw' - the hill where Hund lived

Hounslow Eastpilt 1909 -> 1925 Hounslow Town
See previous

Hounslow Westpilt 1884 -> 1925 -> 1926 Hounsloe Barracs H

As before

Hyde Park Cornerpilt 1906
By park


Ickenhampilt 1905
From the name Ticea.


Kenningtonpilt 1890
From the name Cena.

Kensal Greenpilt 1916
Kings forest.

Kensington Olympiapilt 1868 -> 1946
From the personal name Cynesige, Olympia is a large exhibition building.

Kentish Townpilt 1907 G
It is believed that someone's farmer's nickname was Kentish.

Kentonpilt 1917
Name Coena.

Kew Gardenspilt 1877
The Old English 'key' meaning quay or dock.

Kilburnpilt 1879 -> 1950
From 'cyne-burna' meaning royal stream.

Kilburn Parkpilt 1915
See previous.

Kingsburypilt 1932
The King's Manor.

King's Cross St Pancraspilt 1863 -> 1925 -> 1933 -> 1941
The first part of the name means the statue of King George IV, the second the saint whose church is nearby. If you want to know who was St Pancras (don't say "pancreas" :-) ), you can watch this video Youtube

Knightsbridgepilt 1906
Can be interpreted as Young Mens' Bridge. Very unic name, see "kniGHTSBRidge". Noticed?


Ladbroke Grovepilt 1864 Notting Hill
According to Landowner Richard Ladbrooke.

Lambeth Northpilt 1906 -> 1917 Kennington Road, Westminster Bridge Road G
From Old English 'lambe' and 'hythe' - port where sheep were transported.

Lancaster Gatepilt 1900
Hyde Park gate named in honour of the Duchess of Lancaster.

Latimer Roadpilt 1868
According to Landowner Edward Latymer.

Leicester Squarepilt 1906 HG

Leytonpilt 1947
By the River Lea.

Leytonstonepilt 1947
Differs from previous in the word 'stone', thought to refer to a landmark or boundary marker.

Liverpool Streetpilt 1875 -> 1909 -> 1912 Bishopsgate
In honour of former Prime Minister Lord Liverpool.

London Bridgepilt 1900
By bridge.

Loughtonpilt 1940 -> 1948
Name Luhha.


Maida Valepilt 1915 Elgin Avenue
After the Italian town where the battle once took place.

Manor Housepilt 1932 H

After the pub of that name.

Mansion Housepilt 1871 H

After the residence of the Mayor of the City of London, possibly through the name of the pub of that name.

Marble Archpilt 1900
According to the marble arch gate.

Marylebonepilt 1907 -> 1917 Great Central
According to local church - St Mary-by-the-Bourn (brook).

Mile Endpilt 1946
About one mile from the town centre.

Mill Hill Eastpilt 1941
There was once a mill on the hill.

Monumentpilt 1884
After the Great Fire of London monument.

Moorgatepilt 1900
By the former city gate.

Moor Parkpilt 1950
A very damp place once was.

Mordenpilt 1926 H

From the words 'mor' and 'dun' meaning swamp and hill.

Mornington Crescentpiltpilt 1907 G
After a now defunct park named after one of the nobles.


Naesdenpilt 1880 -> 1910 -> 1932 Kingsbury & Naesden, Naesden & Kingsbury
In the old language "nose-shaped mountain".

Newbury Parkpilt 1947
'Burh'- house.

Nine Elmspilt 2021
After a row of trees

North Actonpilt 1923
See Acton Town

North Ealingpilt 1903
See Ealing Broadway

Northfieldspilt 1908 -> 1911 -> 1932 Northfield Halt, Northfield & Little Ealing H

The name is self-explanatory.

North Harrowpilt 1915
See Harrow-on-the-Hill

North Greenwichpilt 1999
Green village.

Northoltpilt 1907
Means north moor.

North Wembleypilt 1912 -> 1917 Wembley Central
See Wembley Central

Northwick Parkpilt 1923 -> 1937 Northwick Park & Kenton
By Northwick Park & ​​Kenton Northwick family.

Northwoodpilt 1887
Farm which was north of Ruislip.

Northwood Hillspilt 1933
See previous

Notting Hill Gatepilt 1868
May be by the Knottying family.


Oakwoodpilt 1946 H

Here stood the large house Oak Lodge.

Old Streetpilt 1901
Ancient Roman road.

See Kensington

Osterleypilt 1883 -> 1934 Osterley & Spring Grove H

Ovalpilt 1890
By Cricket ground.

Oxford Circuspilt 1900 G
From here the old road went towards Oxford.


Paddingtonpilt 1913
Named after Padda

Park Royalpilt 1903 -> 1931
The Royal Agricultural Society tried to establish a foothold here, but failed.

Parsons Greenpilt 1880
By Fulham Parsonage

Perivalepilt 1904
Old English 'perle' meaning pear tree.

Piccadilly Circuspilt 1906 -> 1928 HG

Piccadilly is an old ring collar, tailors lived here.

Pimlicopilt 1972
After the well-known innkeeper Ben Pimlico

Pinnerpilt 1885
From the name Pinna

Plaistowpilt 1902
From the words 'pleg' and 'stowe' - sport and place.

Preston Roadpilt 1908 -> 1931
From the words 'priest' and 'tun' - priest's farm.

Putney Bridgepilt1880 -> 1902 -> 1932 Putney Bridge & Fulham, Putney Bridge & Hurlingham


Queensburypilt 1934
At that time there was already a Kingsbury station, by analogy.

Queen's Parkpilt 1915
The property named in honour of Queen Victoria.

Queenswaypilt 1900 -> 1946 Queen's Road
By a pub.


Ravenscourt Parkpilt 1877 -> 1888 Shaftesbury Road
After Raven's Court House, why the house was so named is unknown.

Rayners Lanepilt 1906 H

According to Landowner Daniel Rayner.

Redbridgepilt 1947 H

By bridge.

Regent's Parkpilt 1906 G

After the park laid out by the Prince Regent, later George IV.

Richmondpilt 1877 -> 1906
Richemount is a county.

Rickmansworthpilt 1887
From the personal name Ricmaer.

Roding Valleypilt 1948
After a river called Roding.

Royal Oakpilt 1871
The old inn.

Ruislippilt 1904
From 'ryse' and 'hlype' - a quick leap.

Ruislip Manorpilt 1912
See previous.

Ruislip Manorpilt 1912
The same.

Russell Squarepilt 1906 G
Russell was the Earl of Bedford.


St James's Parkpilt 1868
There was once a hospital here named after the saint.

St John's Woodpilt 1868 -> 1925 -> 1939 Lord, Marlborough Road
By Knights Templar.

St Paul'spilt 1900, 1937 Newgate Street
The nearby cathedral named after the saint.

Seven Sisterspilt 1968
Once there were seven elms growing nearby.

Shepherd's Bushpilt 1900
A gathering place for shepherds, possibly related to someone's nickname.

Shepherd's Bush Marketpilt 1864 -> 2008
See previous.

Sloane Squarepilt 1868 -> 1951
After the physician and botanist Sir Hans Sloane.

Snaresbrookpilt 1947
A fast-flowing brook in Old English.

South Ealingpilt 1883
See Ealing Broadway

Southfieldspilt 1889
The large field where agricultural produce was sold.

Southgatepilt 1933 H

By farm.

South Harrowpilt 1935 H

See Harrow-on-the-Hill

South Kensingtonpilt 1868 -> 1907
See Kensington.

South Kentonpilt 1933
See Kenton.

South Ruislippilt 1908 -> 1932 -> 1947 South Ruislip & Norholt Junction
See Ruilip.

Southwarkpilt 1999
Fortress south the river.

South Wimbledonpilt 1926 H

See Wimbledon.

South Woodfordpilt 1947
See Woodford.

Stamford Brookpilt 1912
By the stream.

Stanmorepilt 1932
Pond with stones in Old English.

Stepney Greenpilt 1902
Name Stebbing

Stockwellpilt 1890
Derived from a stream with a log bridge to cross.

Stonebridge Parkpilt 1917
After the bridge which stood on the River Brent.

Stratfordpilt 1946
The name of the street in Old English was 'straet'.

Sudbury Hillpilt 1903 H

See next

Sudbury Townpilt1903 H

South Manor.

Swiss Cottagepilt 1868 -> 1940 -> 1979
Here was the Swiss Tavern, which later became the Swiss Cottage.


Templepilt 1870
The name comes from the Knights Templar, but now it is a lawyer's district.

Theydon Boispilt 1949
Theydon means valley, but the other half of the name comes from a man called Hugh de Bossco.

Tooting Becpilt 1926 -> 1950 Trinity Roadpilt H

Tooting is the name of the estate and Bec is Abbey.

Tooting Broadwaypilt 1926 H

See Tooting Bec.

Tottenham Court Roadpilt 1907 -> 1908 Oxford Street
According to William de Tottenhall.

Tottenham Halepilt 1968
'Hale' means corner of the ground, see also previous.

Totteridge & Whetstonepilt 1940
The place where a person named Totta lived and the quarry.

Tower Hillpilt 1884 -> 1946 Mark Lane
After the fort named Tower of London.

Tufnell Parkpilt 1907 G
By William Tufnell.

Turnham Greenpilt 1877 -> 1911
Means Thames Bend.


Upminsterpilt 1902
Means the church on the upland.

Upminster Bridgepilt 1934
See previous.

Upneypilt 1932
Means upper reaches.

Upton Parkpilt 1902
Farm on higher ground.

Uxbridgepilt 1904 -> 1938 H

7th century tribe and bridge.


Vauxhallpilt 1971
Falkes de Breauté once built a house here, this name is also fixed in Russian as the name of the railway station.

Victoriapilt 1868
In honour of Queen Victoria.


Walthamstow Centralpilt 1968
From 'wilcume' and 'stow' - welcome and a holy place.

Wansteadpilt 1947 H

From the words 'waen' and 'stede' - carriage stand.

Warren Streetpilt 1908 H

Maiden name of the wife of landowner Charles Fitzroy.

Warwick Avenuepilt 1915
Again the maiden name of the landowner's wife, as with the previous station.

Waterloopilt 1906 -> 1926 G
After the famous battle with Napoleon's forces.

Watfordpilt 1925
'Wad' means hunt, place of hunters.

Wembley Centralpilt 1917 -> 1948
Wembley for Sudbury
Woodland where Wemba lived, in old language.

Wembley Parkpilt 1894
See previous.

West Actonpilt 1923
See Acton Town

Westbourne Parkpilt 1866
Place west of the stream.

West Bromptonpilt 1869
"Broom town" - by flora.

West Finchleypilt 1940
See Finchley Central

West Hampilt 1902
Means marshy river bank, from 'hamm'.

West Hampsteadpilt 1879
See Hampstead

West Harrowpilt 1913
See Harrow-on-the-Hill

West Kensingtonpilt 1874 -> 1877 North End H

See Kensington

Westminsterpilt 1868 -> 1907 Westminster Bridge H

The abbey in the west.

West Ruislippilt 1906 -> 1947 Ruislip & Ickenham
See Ruislip

Whitechapelpilt 1884
According to the White Stone Chapel (destroyed in 1940).

White Citypilt 1908 Wood Line
According to the Exhibition Building, which was of white stone.

Willesden Greenpilt 1879pilt
From the words 'wiell' and 'dun' - spring hill.

Willesden Junctionpilt 1915
See previous.

Wimbledonpilt 1889
The hill where Winebeald lived.

Wimbledon Parkpilt 1889
See previous.

Woodfordpilt 1947
"The ford by a wood"

Wood Greenpilt 1932 H

Farm name.

Wood Lanepilt 2008
Reflects the fact that it is outside the densely populated area of ​​London.

Woodside Parkpilt 1940
Expresses the proximity of the forest.