At this place on the corner of Cock Lane and Giltspur Street, 1666 ended a big fire. It is known to have started from a bakery 61 meters east of the Monument. In the corner house, there is a wooden, but gilded, statue of a bare-legged boy at the height of the upper floor. The starting and ending points of the fire are barely a kilometre apart, but the fire burned for several days. Apparently the fact that only 6 people died is largely due to the proximity of the River Thames which provided escape.
The statue, as mentioned, is on the corner of Giltspur Street and Cock Lane. The latter was one of London's first "red light" streets.
When crossing Vauxhall Bridge, be sure to swing over the edge. These statues are meant to be seen from the river, but if you know what to look for, you can also see these from the bridge. These sculptures were created by Frederick William Pomeroy in 1907.A steam engine St Paul's
During WWII, it was necessary to protect people from bombing. Many Underground tunnels were used for this purpose, but special tunnels with a depth of 30 meters were also built near the tube stations, which were intended as shelters. More were planned, but 8 were completed. More like 7 and a half... That's why you show the locations of seven such.
They all have an easily recognizable round ground structure for entrance and ventilation, they are in pairs. You can look at some of these. In fact, excursions are also organized inside. If you want to go on a tour, check the Transport Museum page: https://www.ltmuseum.co.uk/ whats-on/hidden-london. There are other interesting offers on that page from time to time, for example, tours to abandoned Underground stations (there are more than 40 of these).
At the Goodge Street shelter entrance is the Eisenhower Center. That US general and later president has also stayed in this shelter.
London has 20 rivers that are now hidden underground in tunnels. The most important ones are shown here.
If this data should be correct, then there are several interesting things. For example, the River Tyburn is half a mile away from the supposed location of the Tyburn Tree. The Westbourne, which now runs through Sloane Square tube station in the canal, did not flow there at one time. We also learn that the Serpentine in Hyde Park is a blown-up section of Westbourne.
This pet cemetery on the edge of Hyde Park began when Cherry, a Maltese terrier of a park ranger friend, was buried there. Pets were buried there from 1881 to 1915. You can't go in there, but you can see some tombstones through the iron fence. Unfortunately, it was not possible to take a better picture.A picture of this place found on the net. Someone had got in.
A special bunker complex for the government was planned in 1938, because the Spanish experience showed what damage the air force could do. Construction was completed on August 27, 1939, 5 days before Germany attacked Poland. The government headed by Winston Churchill worked here throughout the war. When the danger was over by 1945, the bunker was closed and almost forgotten. Only in 1984 it was opened to the public. All the furnishings have been tried to be kept the same as they were in the old days. A ticket costs £21.
There is another similar complex in North London (Dollis Hill), but it did not find practical use. Churchill visited it only once.
The strange church with a circular floor plan was built in 1185. Even those who haven't read The Da Vinci Code have probably heard of the Knights Templar. This is their church. Interesting inside and out. Many famous people are buried there.
Although the word "temple" brings to mind religion, in fact the surrounding area called the Temple, dating back to the time of King Charles II, is a district of lawyers.
Portions of horror to scare the faint of heart. 1% history and 99% sick fantasy, but go see if you dare. :-)
Walkie Talkie is a mighty skyscraper right in the heart of London and recognizable from afar because of its special shape. But one thing went wrong during the design. Neither the authors nor the clients of the project realized that the south side of the building is a giant concave mirror. It concentrates the Sun's rays and creates hellish heat in the surrounding streets. So many people found that their car's side mirror or bicycle saddle had melted when they returned from errands. How much trouble. Look video beginning at 8:12. You can see the Millennium Bridge story, beginning 10:48.
The City of London is about one square mile in size and has a population of ≈12,000 people. Wait, wait... How so little? The point is that this is what the historic centre of London is called. There are 32 boroughs in London, but the City is not one of these. This district has a special status and has been so for the last 1000 years. It has its own mayor (how difficult it is to become one, see in video), separate taxes are collected from the rest of the country, there is its own police. The City has its own representation in Parliament. Not only the people who live there, but also the companies (through those who work in the companies) take part in the elections held in the district. The Queen needs the mayor's permission to enter. The City also owns a number of lands and properties outside its borders. For example, it owns Tower Bridge and Paddington railway station. Epping Forest and Spitalfields Market are also part of the property.City borders are marked with such dragons City coat of arms. The motto means: God, guide us. There are several conflicting legends about this red sword on the shield. Look carefully. Above the top is the City flag and coat of arms. But Paddington railway station is about 4km west of the City.
In the middle of the 19th century, London was already cramped not only for the living, but also for the dead. City cemeteries could no longer accommodate new graves. That's why a huge new cemetery was built in Brookwood. Unfortunately, this place is 40 km from London. So, a new railway station was built near Waterloo station in 1854 to transport the missing and the bereaved A new station (121 Westminster Bridge Road) was built and can still be seen today. The station had ticket offices, rooms for mourners and also a small chapel. The railway serviced 203,041 funerals during its working time. This special railway ended its work in 1941, when the road was seriously damaged in a bomb attack. Currently, a private company is located in the building and you cannot enter the premises, but you can admire the outside.
By the way, did you notice that 111 was missed? It's not a mistake, it's solidarity. The English are tough cricketers. In cricket, the number 111 is considered unlucky. ;-)
A statue dedicated to Allied friendship on Bond Street.
Tourists love to take a picture there, pushing between two men to become the third.
A pub as a pub. Once called the Northumberland Arms. But in 1951, the "Festival of Britain" exhibition took place. For this purpose, the famous detective's room was created with all the necessary paraphernalia, such as a pipe, a violin and apparatus for experiments. 1957 the owners of the pub managed to buy all this stuff and put it up in one of the upstairs rooms. And the whole pub was renamed. Purely advertising, but compelling enough to go there for your evening beer.
One of the galleries of the famous cathedral is named after the fact that even the faintest whisper can be heard from the opposite side of the gallery thanks to the perfectly precisely built walls. Of course, you have to go up 257 steps...*
The cathedral is also interesting in that its dome is double. A representative dome from the outside would have remained disproportionately high when viewed from the inside, which is why the domes viewed from the outside and the inside are actually different and there is quite a noticeable distance between these.
* Some sources say 259 steps. If you happen to go there, count these and tell me which number is correct.
Anyone who has seen this comedy series may remember the big foot that steps everywhere. This leg was "discovered" by animator Terry Gilliam in one of the paintings.
If you want to see it, the painting "Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time" (artist Agnolo Bronzino) is in the National Gallery (National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, free). The painting hangs in Hall No. 8 on the opposite side of the black wall. Of course, don't overlook other valuable works.
In the luxurious Mayfair district, Brook Street has been home to many prominent musicians. The houses are also marked with corresponding blue round plaques. Guitarist Jimi Hendrix lived in house number 23. The composer Georg Friedrich Händel is right next door at 25 (on the left). Of course, they didn't live there at the same time. ;-)
But if you go a little to the west (to the right in the picture), the Bee Gees band, which is quite familiar to the older generation, lived there. Brothers Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb.
For those whose hearts were not touched by the musicians of the previous point, maybe they like David Bowie more? Here is the place in the middle of Heddon Street where the musician's alter ego Ziggy Stardust was born.
A warship permanently at anchor. You can go explore on the board.
Anyway, I was wondering what this mysterious HMS could mean, is it some kind of subspecies of warriors? The explanation is much simpler - HMS stands for His Majesty's Ship.
The museum ship's cannons are fully operational, but of course not loaded. But they are targeted! All four of the largest cannons are aimed at Scratchwood service station on the M1, 12 miles (≈19 km) away. This since 1971. If these cannons fired, the car service, the cafe and the toilets would cease to exist. Each cannon can fire 8 rounds per minute and the projectile weighs 112 pounds (≈50 kg). Why this particular target has been chosen is not entirely clear.
London's oldest botanic garden, contains ≈5,000 different medicinal plants. It was founded by the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries in 1673, mainly so that medical students could learn about different herbs. The initiative was supported by Sir Hans Sloane, whose statue is in the garden and the nearest Underground station is also named after him. Britain's tallest olive tree grows here. And here is a greenhouse with the interesting name Tropical Corridor.This monument in the photo is from near the Underground station
Hodge was the black cat of the writer Samuel Johnson, to whom his master was very fond. Kitty's favourite sweet was oysters, which the writer often bought for him. When the cat died, the poet wrote:
Who, by his master when caressed
Warmly his gratitude expressed;
And never failed his thanks to purr
Whene’er he stroked his sable fur.
Near this house at 17 Gough Square, where the writer in 1748 until 1759 lived, was placed on the initiative of the mayor Sir Roger Cook in 1997 a bronze statue of Hodge created by sculptor Jon Bickley. Kitty is sitting on one of the writer's books and there are a few oyster shells in front of her.
This pub is made famous by Jack the Ripper, the serial killer who was never caught. Two of his victims, Annie Chapman and Mary Kelly, were frequent visitors here. The second of them was last seen alive here barely an hour before the murder.
In the seventies of the last century, the name of the tavern was changed to Jack the Ripper. Soon, the owners were forced to take back the old name, because there was a widespread protest against this name change - crimes should not be recorded in this way.
The pub has a lot of visitors, especially over the weekend. The upper floor usually has more free space. Maybe it's just a good pub, but curious tourists definitely make their share.
London has long been a port city. Especially for large cargo ships. But in the middle of the last century, things started to change. Huge container ships came into use for cargo transport and the London docks could not accept these. In 1967, the East India Dock finished work; in 1969 St Kathrine and London Dock, a few years later Surrey Docks. There are now small vessels in the harbours of the city centre, but the place in the bend of the river to the east, called Dockland, remained quite empty.
In 1981, Dockland began to wake up to new life. It turned into a business centre, where high-rise buildings rose one after the other. Now, instead of the former warehouses, there are gorgeous houses, squares, parks. This part of the city is connected to the city centre by the driverless fully automatic DLR train, the first letter of which stands for Dockland.The picture was taken from the top of the tower called Orbit, but the high-rise buildings of Dockland can be seen in the distance, the most prominent of these is the one with the pyramid-shaped roof. Rumour has it that there is a billionaire's home under this pyramid, but that's probably just a rumour.
Regent's Canal is 14 km long, so the recommended walk from Paddington station to the Little Venice section is only an option. Of course, you can watch any section of the canal or, if you wish, walk through it as a whole (or ride a bicycle). Light traffic roads in good condition along the entire length of the canal provide an opportunity for this.
The canal was built in the early 19th century under the supervision of John Nash for the transport of goods. Nowadays, it is not particularly used for this purpose, although during the WWII it was still an important transport route, because the railways were overloaded and partially destroyed.
Numerous watercraft are anchored along the canal. And interestingly, many of these are used as housing. It is estimated that around 15,000 people live permanently or temporarily on the water. There are many kinds of these "houses", some change location every week, others don't have an engine and stand in the same place for years. For some with an artistic soul, it's a lifestyle, for others it's just the cheapest way to live in London.
Little Venice is actually where three canals meet: the Grand Union Canal, Regent's Canal and Paddington Basin.The boat to the left is a cafe. London knows how to make good coffee and delicious ice cream. Mostly.
The place has been known since the beginning of the 17th century as Hay's Wharf (Hay being the person's name). Here was a quay where merchant ships docked. Later it was abandoned and was seriously damaged in the wars. 1980 this place was converted into a shopping mall with a glass roof. David Kamp's kinetic sculpture was placed there. It partly resembles a person, partly a ship, probably an artist's vision of the history of the place. The artist himself has said that he likes to make new things out of old things. Kemp himself is not a Londoner, but lives on the ocean shore in West Cornwall.
The official name of this building is Abbey Mills Pumping Station. It is a sewage pumping station. Currently, it is no longer in continuous use, although there had to be working pumps inside for emergency situations. But the building itself is really worth seeing. From its appearance, one would think that it is a cathedral. Both the general shape, the arched doors and the tower rising at the top give the impression of a church. And not from a simple church, but from a really gorgeous and beautiful one. Unfortunately, you can't get really close, you have to admire from a distance.
A nice statue in Pimlico. No, this is not some ancient hero, as this toga-like garment might suggest. This is William Huskisson, a British statesman, financier, President of the Board of Trade, and Member of Parliament in the 18/19th century. But he has gone down in history with a completely different thing, which he himself would undoubtedly not have been happy about. Absolutely not, he is known to be the first person who died under the wheels of a train.
There is an old octagonal lamp post at 2 Audley Square. It has a hatch at the bottom for connecting wires. The cavity behind it was used as a hiding place for many years. During the Cold War, a number of Soviet spies worked in London. Some of them acted as diplomats, but others needed some other way than diplomatic mail to transmit their information. For this, hiding places were used, where letters were left, which were picked up by other agents. These hiding places were called dead letter boxes. This hideout was in use from 1950 to 1985, when it was discovered with the help of double agent Oleg Gordievsky. In an irony of fate, a James Bond film was also made in this place.
Floating book store. Set on a hundred-year-old Danish barge floating in the Regent Canal. Lots of waterfowl around and despite being close to major train stations, nice quiet place. If you stand in front of the shop, know that only a few meters below, all the trains that arrive at or leave the station are running. You are actually above a wide tunnel.
Since the store is located on the ship, it sometimes changes its location. Don't lose hope if you can't find it in the location shown by Google Maps. It is sometimes located near Granary Square. By the way, this is the book store with the cheapest prices.
In the UK, books have 0% VAT. And there used to be a law that all book stores had to sell the same book at the same price. That is why books always have the sales price printed on the back cover. This law no longer applies. But most book stores still comply with this repealed law.
1889 a park called Duke Street Gardens was built for local residents at the site. 1903 the plot was acquired by the local electricity company to build an underground substation there. Local residents were not happy to lose their nice park and the company promised to build a new park on the site of the substation. So it was done. The park was opened in 1906. and it was called Brown Hart Gardens. Since the pit for the substation was made with insufficient depth, the park is now located on the roof, quite high. As this park is officially Westminster Park, the corresponding 300-year-old laws extend to it:
So don't go there to fight with your loved one. :-)
But underfoot, the substation is still working, feeding the electricity grid of the entire surrounding area. There are three 60 megawatt transformers.Of course, I was not allowed inside the substation, but I found a picture on the Internet of what is under the feet of the cafe visitors.
In the 19th century, there was a small tobacconist's shop in this area, where a black cat loved to play in the window. When the company grew and in 1920 around built a cigarette factory, the black cat became its trademark. It was a time when stories about ancient Egypt were very popular, so two giant black cat statues were placed in front of the building's entrance, and the building's pillars were painted Egyptian-style. To open the building, its surroundings were sprinkled with sand (to be like a desert) and the opera Aida was performed. But the success of the factory did not last forever. 1960 around the building got new owners and the premises were converted into offices. The cats disappeared and the pillars were painted over. The former glory was restored in 1996, when the building got new owners again. Indeed, the house looks very proud for an industrial building. Unfortunately, cats are copies.
The back of the house is curved, this building was built on the site of a former park, and the nearest Underground station is named after the now-lost park. The destruction of this park was also the reason for a very extensive campaign to protect green spaces. Perhaps thanks to the destruction of this one park, London is so green in response.
There is freedom of speech in the UK. But there are also exceptions. But there is one exception to the exception - in front of the pavilion on the north-eastern edge of Hyde Park, you can say anything publicly while standing on the box on Sunday. Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, George Orwell and John Lennon have spoken here (quite a motley group, right? :-) ). Orwell called this place a small wonder of the world. Such a procedure is established by the government act of 1872. and is still valid. However, there are also restrictions - you must not insult His/Her Majesty, religion and promote racism.
If you don't want to talk/listen, go to the other side of the booth - they sell wonderful ice cream there.You can't just sit on these deckchairs - you have to buy the corresponding ticket.
I hope that this page will be read by a wide variety of people. If any of you readers consider yourself a hipster, there is a special hair salon for you at 255 Portobello Road in London. Its name is Blue Tit Portobello. Look here.
London is a city of memories. Londoners love to capture the memory of those they loved. When you get to Barbican tube station, before the entrance gates, notice the plaque on the pillar on the right, commemorating Pebbles, the tube station cat.
Another plaque, this time for a dog, attached to the door of the house.396 York Way
You can order a green light for a pedestrian in London from such remotes. It is always on the right side of the crossing. As a tourist, you should obey the law, although locals often run red flags. Notice the black button under the remote in the second picture. This button will start to rotate when the green light is on. The button is intended for the visually impaired, but it's actually a very convenient thing for others as well, so that they don't lose their right to continue walking while exploring the surroundings.
If you happen to visit the three adjacent museums in South Kensington, walk a hundred meters from the tube station to see London's thinnest house - just 7 feet (2.13 m) wide. This is of course the case when viewed from the end, the house is triangular and gets wider at the other end. But you can't see it at first glance from the street. The strange shape of the house is due to the fact that a Underground line runs in the recess next to it and there was no more room.
Trafalgar Square traffic lights have a rather peculiar solution. I don't know what it means. Or so: stand alone, move diversely? ;-)
Courses that take place directly in a public park in front of everyone who wants to. A bit of a scary sight, but everyone involved is fully insured. If you don't dare to register yourself as a participant, go and have a look.
If you still want to "fly" up there yourself, you have that opportunity. But you have to register some time in advance on the school's website.Training locations may change. This picture was taken three years ago in Kensington Gardens. Just in case, check their website.
Museum of the Order of St. John. For nearly 900 years, the order was engaged in providing medical care to people. One of the oldest charitable organizations in the world. The current gate tower dates back to the 16th century, its predecessors have been repeatedly smashed and burned. In fact this tower has never been part of the London city wall.
Loo means toilet or WC in colloquial English. And as a tourist, for 15 pounds you can go on a guided walk, where London's public toilets are introduced. For details, see:https://lootours.com/.
There are more than a thousand different hotels in London, from quite poor to super luxurious. But if you want to spend a very special night, you can stay at the London Zoo, next to the lion area. Probably the experience of a lifetime. There are 9 cabins in the zoo, which are rented out in the same way as a hotel (dinner and breakfast included in the price) and there is no shortage of visitors. But it is costly - the price for a night (in a cabin for two) starts from 378 pounds.
Sir John Soane was an architect who designed, among other things, the Bank of England building and whose tombstone became the model for telephone boxes. But he was also a collector. His house is now a museum with an incredible variety of artefacts, including an authentic Egyptian sarcophagus. As one commenter said, " His house is full of knickknacks." Entrance is free, the queue outside the door is sometimes long, but moves quickly.
A store in the basement of a house in Camden Market for young people who are going to a party. Glowing sunglasses, hats, jackets... Even the store's escalator handrails glow. The store itself is dim, but everywhere there are flashing lights of different colours. Even for those who are not "party animals" are worth a visit.
The Horses of Helios, also known as The Four Bronze Horses of Helios, is a bronze sculpture of four horses by Rudy Weller. It is one half of a commission installed in 1992 when the adjacent Criterion Theatre was refurbished. The other half, the Daughters of Helios or Three Graces, is a sculpture of three women leaping off the building six stories above.
The Regent Canal was built on the initiative of the Prince Regent, later King George IV. It was a very important way for transporting goods in London. Later, of course, the railways took over the transport duties and now the canal is open mainly for pleasure rides. But in the days of WWII, when many railways were destroyed, the canal also played an important role.
London is located on a relatively flat landscape, but even here there are differences in height in different places. Since the waterway cannot be inclined, the problem is mostly solved with numerous locks. But in some places it is not enough. So the canal has been moved into a tunnel in two places. The shortest of them is the Maida Hill tunnel with a length of 230 meters. Interesting in that there is a cafe above the western entrance. Islington Canal Tunnel is longer - 870 meters. Once upon a time, these tunnels were traversed by boat, with the passengers lying down in the boat and pushing the boat forward with their feet against the walls. In the age of motorboats, of course, this is no longer necessary. But if, for example, you exit the Angel Underground station and walk 80 meters north, you are directly above the canal, even though you are next to a major highway and there are tall townhouses on both sides.
A big rusty iron head of a famous film-maker. To see it, look for the house with the big word GAINSBOROUGH on the roof in the Northwest corner of Shoreditch Park. It's in its yard. You have to go through the gate, but the gate is open and no one is stopping you. There must have been some office space directly under this head. It can be interesting to go to work in the belly of Alfred the Great. ;-)
If you get to Leytonstone Station (Central Line), you will see a number of ceramic mosaics at the entrance, each of which represents one of Hitchcock's films.
The statue was commissioned by the famous book author JM Barrie from the artist George Frampton and was erected in the park called Kensington Gardens in 1912 without official permission. According to the writer, this is where Peter Pan landed, and then settled on an island in an artificial lake called Serpentine. 8 copies of the statue have been made, which are located in different parts of the world (Brussels, Toronto, Australia, etc.). The whole figure, including the base, is 4.3 m high (it doesn't seem that high when you look at it), but the boy is probably natural size for an 8-year-old.
The writer himself lived on a street called Bayswater Road, which is the street that runs north along the boundary of Kensington Gardens.
London Winter Bathers hold The Peter Pan Cup swimming competition on the Serpentine every Christmas Eve.
The Shard is the tallest building in Great Britain. It was built between 2009 and 2012, but was opened to the public in February 2013. The building has 95 floors, 72 of which are habitable, and it is 309.6 m high. You can also go up there to enjoy the city view, it costs £22.95. You can also get an audio guide that resembles a smartphone and knows quite a few languages. However, the security check at the entrance is extremely strict, much stricter than, for example, when entering the King's palace.
A hotel where each floor is built different style.